Please see below and click here for information regarding the recent canine influenza concerns in the region.
AKC Veterinarian, Dr. Jerry Klein, released the following message on his personal Facebook page regarding suspected cases of canine influenza at recent Southeast dog shows. This is an informal message from Dr. Klein.
“Dear Dog Show Exhibitors In The Southeast,
There have been reports of sick dogs suspected of having canine influenza. Dogs that were at Perry Georgia shows or Florida shows in the past 7-10 days, please monitor your dogs closely. If they are not acting normally, DO NOT GO TO FURTHER SHOWS . Contact your local veterinarian about the possiblility of influenza. Containing an outbreak is critical. Remember, incubation period of 2-5 days, and these dogs may be shedding the virus while showing no signs. Dogs with fevers, poor appetites, coughing, sneezing, runny eyes/noses should NOT be exposed to other dogs. Remember, humans can act as vectors. Do this for the safety of your dogs and other dogs as well!!”
Short URL: http://caninechronicle.com/?p=125749
To the Clubs that support the Tampa shows,
As many of you know there was an outbreak of the “dog flu” in Perry Ga. I heard there were only two cases in Deland. Our show entries will be closing on May 30,2017 and then there will be 14 days before exhibitors start arriving. Total 3 weeks before our show begins! I have been in touch with the maintenance department of the fairgrounds. They have agreed to help us by using some of their staff to keep our areas and floors clean both inside and outside.
The Tampa shows will be taking extra precautions to protect your babies in the following ways:
· We will be purchasing Odor Ban and requesting Fairgrounds personal to apply it in the reserve grooming area just before move in day. We will have the staff re-apply it for the first two nights.
· There will be a veterinarian at our show on duty from 7:00 AM to Best in Show. Then he will remain on site with a mobile lab should anyone need assistance.
· We will assigned two members from our clubs to observe and report to me any dogs that might be under the suspicion of having the flu or being sick.
· There will if course be hand sanitizer at every judge’s table and judge’s will be made aware of this virus.
· We will be communicating with our judges to request the exhibitor open the dogs mouth to inspect the bite. This will also prevent any transfer of germs
We will do our best to help prevent the spread of the flu and remain dedicated so you can have a safe and healthy venue to show in. But our efforts will be ineffective without your diligence and sacrifice. We are on top of preventing the spread of the flu and remain dedicated so you can have a safe venue to show in. PLEASE DO NOT bring sick or recovering dogs to the show!!! So let your members know we look forward to keeping our show healthy and our exhibitors happy. We appreciate your support and cooperation will go the extra steps to keep it. Please send out e-mails to your members letting them know we are on top of this.
Billy J Price, AKC Delegate
Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease (CIRD)
1. What is CIRD?
CIRD is commonly known as “kennel cough”. CIRD is usually self-limiting and is rarely fatal. It is usually
a mix of bacterial and viral agents. Bordetella (aka Kennel Cough or Canine Cough) is the most common
bacterial agent. The most common viruses involved are canine influenza (CIV), canine parainfluenza,
canine adenovirus 2, canine reovirus, and canine respiratory coronavirus. Other infections like
mycoplasmas and canine distemper can also cause severe and potentially fatal complications, such as
CIRD is an airborne infection with an incubation period of 2–14 days. It appears in two main forms.The
milder form lasts 1–3 weeks. Infected dogs shed the Bordetella organism for 2 -3 months post-infection.
For a complete CIRD overview:
For more information about CIV:
Mild CIRD symptoms
+ runny nose
+ red or watery eyes
+ dry, hacking cough which can lead to retching and vomiting pneumonia might follow the mild disease.
** Fever is more common in severe form. When a cough is caused by Canine Influenza (CIV), it is often
accompanied by a high fever.
Severe CIRD symptoms: More common in dogs with an uncertain vaccination history. In some cases,
the severe form could be fatal.
+ fever— could indicate CIV (H3N2 or H3N8)
+ dry, hacking, forceful coughs; sometimes a painful cough
+ foamy mucus
+ can progress to severe broncho-pneumonia
+ puppies and older dogs are more at risk
CIRD is a highly contagious disease. In order to prevent infection, local immunity must be created in the
respiratory tract. An intranasal vaccination or oral vaccination may be administered by a veterinarian to
provide safe, effective protection from the disease. No vaccination is 100% effective, but may lessen
severity of disease if contracted.
Vaccination is estimated to be protective 3-7 days post-vaccination but will not be effective if a dog has
already been exposed. Vaccinations for CIV (H3N8 or H3N2) often require two shots and should be give
30 days prior to any event.
Please check with your veterinarian and plan a vaccination schedule appropriate for your dog’s
exposure *before* attending any event. When returning home with exposed dogs, please keep
separate from dogs who did not attend the event, especially puppies, seniors or dogs with
compromised immune symptoms (eg. dog recently treated with chemo).
2. How is CIRD spread?
CIRD can survive on inanimate objects like crates, harnesses, water bowls, food bowls, bedding, and
human clothing for 24 hours and can live on a person’s hands for about 12 hours. Infected dogs can
shed for 2 -3 months.
+ through respiratory secretions or oral secretions (like saliva) from infected dogs (eg., nose-to-nose,
sneezing or coughing, shared water sources)
+ from contaminated inanimate objects (eg., human clothing, equipment or surfaces where infected
dogs have been)
+ stress and poor hygiene can make dogs more susceptible
+ through the air
+ Dogs typically show signs of the disease 2 to 4 days after exposure. This incubation period between
exposure and when symptoms develop is when dogs are the most contagious to other dogs. Dogs can
shed the virus for up to 7 to 10 days after exposure and continue to be contagious during this time.
Because of this, infected dogs need to be quarantined from other dogs for about 2 weeks. Dogs with
confirmed CIV should be kept in isolation for at least 21 days.
3. How can you prevent the spread of CIRD? Avoidance and vaccination.
+ do not bring a symptomatic dog to the event
+ avoid nose-to-nose contact with other dogs
+ do not allow dogs to “kiss” or lick you in the face
+ do not share water or food bowls, leashes, bedding, toys or crates
+ keep crate doors closed when empty
+ wash hands before and after handling different dogs
+ change clothes after handling dogs
+ if your dog is coughing, separate from other dogs and seek immediate veterinary care and diagnosis
+ Dogs diagnosed with CIV must be isolated for at least 21 days.
** In the conformation ring, please know you and/or your handler can ask to show your dog’s bite
to the Judge.**
**If you suspect your dog is infected, please consult your veterinarian immediately. Major
warning signs for CIV: cough with high fever. Please ask your vet to run a PCR test to confirm
Note: Even if a dog has been immunized for common Bordetella sp., for example, it may be infected by
different or resistant species. Vaccination, fastidious sanitation practices, and seeking veterinary
attention as soon as the dog starts coughing will go a long way to prevent spread of infection.
Best precaution, though, is keep sick dogs at home and isolated from other dogs.
This CIRD Advisory has been prepared by the VCA Welfare Foundation
in partnership with the Vizsla Club of America
25 May 2017